Dewan Revolusi yang Dipimpin Letkol Untung
LETKOL Untung menegaskan bahwa gerakan yang dipimpinnya bertujuan untuk menghentikan Dewan Jenderal yang dikatakan tengah mempersiapkan kudeta tanggal 5 Oktober 1965. Dewan Revolusi Indonesia juga menunda pelaksanaan Pemilu dan membekukan UUD 1945, serta mempersiapkan sumber hukum baru bagi otoritas Republik Indonesia.
Kabinet Dwikora yang dipimpin Presiden Sukarno juga dinyatakan demisioner. Menteri Kabinet Dwikora diminta menjalankan tugas sehari-hari seperti biasa, sampai terbentuk kabinet baru.
Dari bagian ini kita dapat melihat bahwa sesunggunya Bung Karno adalah korban dari kudeta yang dilakukan kelompok Untung. Tetapi anehnya, Bung Karno malah dikaitkan dengan kudeta tersebut.
“Bagaimana mungkin saya mengkudeta diri saya sendiri,” begitu kira-kira kata Bung Karno suatu kali.
Namun kejanggalan ini sengaja ditutupi militer yang dikuasai Soeharto dengan maksud agar Bung Karno ikut tersingkir.
Dalam Dekrit no. 1 yang dibacakan Letkol Untung tanggal 1 Oktober 1965 pukul 2 siang di RRI, disebutkan bahwa Dewan Revolusi Indonesia juga tengah menyusun organisasi pemerintahan dari tingkat pusat sampai desa. Setelah terbentuk di masing-masing tingkat, anggota Dewan Revolusi di daerah-daerah wajib melaporkan diri ke pimpinan pusat Dewan Revolusi Indonesia untuk mendapatkan pengesahan.
Petikan dekrit ini ambil dari Jurnal Indonesia Volume 1/April 1966, yang diterbitkan Cornell University.
Lima menit setelah dekrit ini, Untung membacakan dekrit yang berisi daftar anggota Dewam Revolusi Indonesia.
Decree No. 1 on the Establishment of the “Indonesian Revolution Council”
(Text as read over the Djakarta radio at approximately 2:00 p.m., October l)
In the interest of the State of the Indonesian Republic, in the interest of safeguarding the implementation of the Pantjasila and the Pantja Azimat Revolusi completely, in the interest of the safety of the Army and of the Armed Forces in general, at midnight Thursday, September 30, 1965, a purge was carried out in the Capital City of the Republic of Indonesia, Djakarta, against members of the self-styled Council of Generals which had planned a coup on the eve of Armed Forces Day, October 5, 1965.
A number of Generals have been arrested. Means of communications and other vital installations in the capital have fallen completely under the control of the September 30th Movement The September 30th Movement is a movement entirely confined within the body of the Army to put an end to arbitrary actions of Generals who were members of the Council of Generals and other Officers who were henchmen and sympathizers of members of the Council of Generals. This movement was assisted by Armed Units not belonging to the Army.
2. To facilitate the follow-up of the action of September 30, 1965, the leadership of the September 30th Movement will set up an Indonesian Revolution Council whose members will consist of civilian and military individuals who unreservedly support the September 30th Movement.
For the time being, pending general elections for the People’s Consultative Council (Madjelis Permusjawaratan Rakjat) in line with the Constitution of 1945, the Indonesian Revolution Council will constitute the source of all authority in the Republic of Indonesia. The Indonesian Revolution Council is a tool of the entire Indonesian people to realize the Pantjasila and the Pantja Azimat Revolusi completely. The Indonesian Revolution Council in its daily activities will be represented by a Presidium of the Council which will consist of the Commandant and Deputy Commandants of the September 30th Movement.
3. With the falling of the entire authority of the State into the hands of the Indonesian Revolution Council, the Dwikora Cabinet automatically assumes a decommissioned status. Until the formation of a new Council of Ministers by the Indonesian Revolution Council, Former ministers are dutybound to carry out routine tasks, and to preserve order in their respective departments. They are prohibited from appointing new employees and from taking actions, which may have broad consequences. All former ministers are obliged to give a full account to the Indonesian Revolution Council, along with the new ministers to be appointed by the Indonesian Revolution Council.
4. As instruments of the Indonesian Revolution Council, there are to be established in the regions, Provincial Revolution Councils (with a maximum membership of 25), District Revolution Councils (with a maximum membership of 15), Sub district Revolution Councils (with a maximum membership of 10), and Village Revolution Councils (with a maximum membership of 7).
They are to be composed of civilian and military personnel who unreservedly support the September 30th Movement. These Regional Revolution Councils constitute the highest authority in the regions concerned. At the provincial and district levels they are assisted in their work by the respective Bodies for Day to Day Administration (BPH), while at the sub district and village levels they are assisted by the local National Front Leadership composed of individuals who unreservedly support the September 30th Movement.
5. The Presidium of the Indonesian Revolution Council consists of the Commandant and Deputy Commandants of the September 30th Movement. The Commandant and Deputy Commandants of the September 30th Movement are Chairman and Vice Chairmen of the Indonesian Revolution Council.
6. Immediately after the establishment of Regional Revolution Councils the Revolution Council Chairman concerned must report to the Revolution Council one level higher concerning the full composition of the Council membership. Provincial Revolution Councils must acquire written approval from the Presidium of the Indonesian Revolution Council. District Revolution Councils must acquire written approval from the Provincial Revolution Councils and the Subdistrict and Village Revolution Councils must acquire written approval from the District Revolution Councils.
Djakarta, October 1, 1965.
Command of the September 30th Movement
Commandant: Lieutenant Colonel Untung;
Deputy Commandant: Brigadier General Supardjo;
Deputy Commandant: Flight Lieutenant Colonel Heru;
Deputy Commandant: Sea Colonel Sunardi|
Deputy Commandant: Adjunct Senior Police Commissioner Anwas.
Announced by the Information Section of the September 30th Movement on October 1, 1965.